|Winding:||Automatic, Bi-Directional Automatic Winding, Central Rotor Automatic Winding|
|Diameter:||25.60 mm (22.5 ligne)|
|Complications:||24 Hour Hand, Date, GMT Hand, Hacking Seconds, Independently-Adjustable 24 Hour Hand, Instant Date Change, Power Reserve Indicator, Quick Date Correction|
|Hands:||Central 24 Hour Hand, Central Hour Hand, Central Minute Hand, Date Window at 4:30, Power Reserve Pointer at 1:00, Small Seconds Hand at 9:00|
|Distinguishing Technical Characteristics|
Clockwise Balance Cock
|Production: 2003 – 2014|
Cal. 683 is a thin and complicated automatic movement from Zenith. Closely related to other Zenith Elite movements, Cal. 683 is the most complicated Elite movement ever produced, with date, power reserve indicator, and 24 hour hand. Like most Elite movements, Cal. 683 also has small seconds at 9:00, giving the dial a complicated look.
The central 24 hour hand is adjusted using a pushbutton located at 10:00 on the outside of the case, giving these watches a distinctive look.
Cal. 683 was a later addition to the Elite movement family, first appearing about 2003. Production ended after 2014 when the Elite movements were set to be replaced by Zenith’s Cal. 3000 (Sellita SW300) and Cal. 6150 series. Although the company has returned to the Elite series as of 2020, the 24 hour movements have not yet been reissued.
Technical Aspects of the Zenith Elite Movement
The basic Elite movement measures 11.5 ligne (25.60 mm) diameter and most models are under 4 mm thick, despite a central automatic winding rotor and date complication. A few models used a larger main plate to move the date window outward or to support complications like a running 24 hour ring. The thinnest Elite movement is the hand-winding Cal. 650 at 2.83 mm and the thickest and most complicated is the large Cal. 687 at 6.20 mm.
Unusually, many Elite movements (apart from the 660 and 670 lines) feature small seconds at 9:00, a distinctive feature that differentiates the watches that use it. Some, however, feature central seconds, an adjustable 24 hour hand, a power reserve indicator, and other complications.
All Elite movements use an annular Glucydur balance wheel with a self-compensating balance spring and fine micrometer screw for adjustment. The automatic winding rotor is mounted on ball bearings like the ETA 2892 and originally included a tungsten carbide element for higher winding power. Most Elite movements boast 50 to 55 hours power reserve and all operate at 28,800 A/h.
Zenith Elite 680 and 690: Small Seconds
Cal. 680 was one of the original Elite movements introduced in 1994 and remains in production today. Most of its descendants feature small seconds at 9:00, though Cal. 690 lacks running seconds and the rare Cal. 689 relocates the subdial to 6:00.
|Elite 682||1996-2014||Automatic||26||9:00||Date, 24 Hour Hand|
|Elite 683||2003-2010||Automatic||36||9:00||Date, Power Reserve at 3:00, 24 Hour Hand|
|Elite 684||2000s||Automatic||26||9:00||Date at 6:00|
|Elite 685||2002-2015||Automatic||38||9:00||Date, Power Reserve|
|Elite 6850||2008-2010||Automatic||38||9:00||Date, Power Reserve|
|Elite 687||2008-2010||Automatic||41||9:00||Date, Power Reserve, rotating 24 hour ring|
|Elite 690||Automatic||37||None||Moon Phase at 6:00|
|Elite 691||2010-2016||Automatic||27||9:00||Moon Phase at 6:00, Big Date at 1:30|
|Elite 692||2009-present||Automatic||27||9:00||Moon Phase at 6:00|
|Elite 693||2012-2017||Automatic||26||9:00||24 Hour Hand|
|Elite 68||2006-2010||Automatic||27||9:00||Central Power Reserve|