|Winding:||Automatic, Bi-Directional Automatic Winding, Central Rotor Automatic Winding|
|Diameter:||25.60 mm (11.5 ligne)|
|Complications:||Big Date, Date, Double Concentric Wheel Big Date, Hacking Seconds, Instant Date Change, Moon Phase, Quick Date Correction|
|Hands:||Big Date at 1:30, Central Hour Hand, Central Minute Hand, Moon Phase Wheel at 6:00, Small Seconds Hand at 9:00|
|Distinguishing Technical Characteristics|
Clockwise Balance Cock
|Production: 2010 – 2016|
Cal. 691 is a thin automatic movement with moon phase and big date from Zenith. Closely related to other Zenith Elite movements, Cal. 691 is the only member of the family with a big date complication and one of only three with a moon phase indicator.
Cal. 691 has a unique look among Zenith’s Elite movements. The small seconds and moon phase use round subdials at 9:00 and 6:00, respectively, and balance out the big date window at 1:30. Zenith uses two concentric discs for the date rather than overlapping or separate discs, and there is no frame between the digits.
It is difficult to determine when Cal. 691 was first used and when it was removed from the catalog. It is listed in the 2010 Zenith catalog, and appeared on the website at least until 2016. Cal. 691 was used in Captain Moonphase models through 2016.
Technical Aspects of the Zenith Elite Movement
The basic Elite movement measures 11.5 ligne (25.60 mm) diameter and most models are under 4 mm thick, despite a central automatic winding rotor and date complication. A few models used a larger main plate to move the date window outward or to support complications like a running 24 hour ring. The thinnest Elite movement is the hand-winding Cal. 650 at 2.83 mm and the thickest and most complicated is the large Cal. 687 at 6.20 mm.
Unusually, many Elite movements (apart from the 660 and 670 lines) feature small seconds at 9:00, a distinctive feature that differentiates the watches that use it. Some, however, feature central seconds, an adjustable 24 hour hand, a power reserve indicator, and other complications.
All Elite movements use an annular Glucydur balance wheel with a self-compensating balance spring and fine micrometer screw for adjustment. The automatic winding rotor is mounted on ball bearings like the ETA 2892 and originally included a tungsten carbide element for higher winding power. Most Elite movements boast 50 to 55 hours power reserve and all operate at 28,800 A/h.
Zenith Elite 680 and 690: Small Seconds
Cal. 680 was one of the original Elite movements introduced in 1994 and remains in production today. Most of its descendants feature small seconds at 9:00, though Cal. 690 lacks running seconds and the rare Cal. 689 relocates the subdial to 6:00.
|Elite 682||1996-2014||Automatic||26||9:00||Date, 24 Hour Hand|
|Elite 683||2003-2010||Automatic||36||9:00||Date, Power Reserve at 3:00, 24 Hour Hand|
|Elite 684||2000s||Automatic||26||9:00||Date at 6:00|
|Elite 685||2002-2015||Automatic||38||9:00||Date, Power Reserve|
|Elite 6850||2008-2010||Automatic||38||9:00||Date, Power Reserve|
|Elite 687||2008-2010||Automatic||41||9:00||Date, Power Reserve, rotating 24 hour ring|
|Elite 690||Automatic||37||None||Moon Phase at 6:00|
|Elite 691||2010-2016||Automatic||27||9:00||Moon Phase at 6:00, Big Date at 1:30|
|Elite 692||2009-present||Automatic||27||9:00||Moon Phase at 6:00|
|Elite 693||2012-2017||Automatic||26||9:00||24 Hour Hand|
|Elite 68||2006-2010||Automatic||27||9:00||Central Power Reserve|