|Diameter:||31.60 mm (14 ligne)|
|Complications:||2-Button, 8-Column Chronograph, Chronograph, Column Wheel Chronograph, Monopusher Chronograph|
|Hands:||12 Hour Chronograph Hand at 6:00, 45 Minute Chronograph Hand at 3:00, Central 60 Second Chronograph Hand, Central Hour Hand, Central Minute Hand, Small Seconds Hand at 9:00|
|Distinguishing Technical Characteristics|
Counter-Clockwise Balance Cock
Cal. JB40 is a round 14 ligne chronograph movement produced by Excelsior Park from the 1940s through the 1960s. It is a hand-winding movement with 30 or 45 minute counters at 3:00 on the dial and a 12-hour counter at 6:00. This differentiates it from the base Cal. JB4 which lacks the hour counter.
All Excelsior Park Cal. JB4 family movements are instantly recognizable thanks to the distinctive U-shaped cock that supports the chronograph wheels. Nearly every other chronograph uses a Y- or wishbone shaped cock or bridge. The overall design of the movement is also “reversed” from many other chronographs, with the rabbit-shaped hammer falling on the crown side and a counter-clockwise balance cock. Although not a finely-finished movement, it is high in specification with a Breguet spiral hairspring, screwed balance, and machined springs. The chronograph minutes recorder is equipped with a “sautoir” (jumping mechanism).
One version, Cal. JB4-24h includes two novel features: A central 24 hour hand used for orienteering and a “seconds corrector”, allowing manual adjustment of the running seconds hand using a crown at 9:00.
Excelsior Park chronograph movements were used by Gallet, Zenith, and Girard-Perregaux as well as in-house by Excelsior Park and Moeris. These were roughly similar apart from their finishing and the specification of a mobile stud carrier by some brands. The “JB” stands for Jeanneret-Brehm, the name of the founder of the Excelsior Park factory.
|Cal. JB4||Chronograph minute counter||Base movement|
|Cal. JB4-68||Cal. 4 base||Movable hairspring stud|
|Cal. JB4-24h||Cal. 4 base; 45 minutes, 24 hour hand|
|Cal. JB40||Chronograph 45 minutes, 12 hours|
|Cal. JB40-68||Cal. 40 base||Movable hairspring stud|
|Cal. JB42||Chronograph 45 minutes||Oval 12×13 ligne|